2. Precision Seeding
Seeding (or: sowing) is a critical step in crop growing. For a successful seeding process, two challenges need to be overcome:
- Correct depth: if sown too deep into the soil, roots will not be able to breath. If sown on the surface, birds may damage the seeds.
- Proper distance: if plants are overcrowded, they will not to get enough water, nutrients and sunlight, resulting in yield loss. If they are planted too far from each other, valuable land is left unused.
Hand-seeding used to be a laborious, burdensome task with a lot of inaccuracies involved. Today, seed drills and planters do the job of sowing with the help of tractors.
Modern precision seeding equipment manages to place the seeds uniformly at proper distances and depths for optimal access to moisture and sunlight. The fast, uniform germination ensure the crop can compete with weeds and promotes even maturity across the whole field for easier harvesting and greater yields.
The system can be combined with geomapping (a map showing soil density, quality etc.).
This ensures that:
- More seeds are planted in soil with favourable growing conditions
- Less seeds are planted in poor soils = avoidance of loss of crop production or void areas
The latest precision technologies are helping farmers to refine the seeding process even further and achieve a higher yield with less seed.