In the last CEMA-Pedia (August 2012), we explained the new Comitology procedures under the Lisbon Treaty, i.e. the rules for Delegated (quasi-legislative) and Implementing (executive) Acts. Ever since the new procedures entered into force, an intense debate erupted on which of the 3 EU Institutions – the European Commission, the European Parliament, the Council – should be seen as the winner from the reform.

White paper is an authoritative report or guide that helps solve a problem. White papers are used to educate readers and help people make decisions, and are often requested and used in politics, policy, business, and technical fields.

The EU worked out a roadmap which sets out a cost-effective route for transforming Europe into a competitive ‘low carbon economy by 2050.

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) was set up in 1947. It is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations.

In the case of the European Parliament, public hearings are organized whenever an important subject, which would have a major impact on the citizens, industry etc. is debated. Officials of the Parliament, the European Commission, social partners, industry etc are invited to exchange opinions in order to provide the politicians with information which they need in order to help them take decisions.